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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.


Status: Designated


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  • Category: A
  • Date Added: 29/05/1959


  • Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish: Kirkmahoe

National Grid Reference

  • NGRNX 97092 80300
  • Coordinates297092, 580300


Dated 1759 on north wing. Palladian mansion house; 2 storeys

on raised basement with flanking wings. All red ashlar.

House: 3-bay east elevation with early 19th century central

pilastered porch (panelled and studded door in pedimented

doorpiece), flanked by 12-pane sashes in architraves, latter

corniced, with pulvinated frieze; 3 Burlington windows in

round-arched panels at principal floor. Ionic-columned jambs

on plinths; latter probably terminated blind balustrades;

square, architraved windows above (6-pane sashes). Continuous

bands at base and at ground floor level; mutule cornice;

blocking course; 2 symmetrically placed stacks; piended

slate roof. Single window at each level of flanks;

linked by cornice); piended roofs, with graded slates. Low

alterations and fire escapes to rear above, narrow lean-to

service corridor linking wings. Piended, 2-storey wings each

have single bay east front (12-pane sashes), and are linked

to house by quadrant wall with corniced, architraved and

panelled door between alcove niches; inner part of north

wing is earlier. 18th century house, rendered, with advanced

inner bays (gabled on north elevation) and 5-bay south

front. Modern additions to north and to south of wings.

Interior: some decorative ceiling plasterwork of late 18th/

early 19th century, especially in halls and ground floor

rooms: plain top floor rooms. Modern lift shaft in stair

well obscures most of former anthemion-patterned silhouette

balusters. Some painted raised and fielded wooden panelling

survives in earlier house.

Statement of Special Interest

Now a home run by the Leonard Cheshire Organisation.

Built for Alexander Johnstone of Carnsalloch. He is

described in the sasines as a chemist in London, so it may

be that a London architect was employed, and perhaps Isaac

Ware, whose 1756 publication included design of a "House built

for Alexander Johnstone, Esq, in Scotland" (a more expensive

scheme which was probably never done) (see H Colvin,


1600-1840, 1978, (p866)



SRO RHP 4417 (1911 sale catalogue). Scottish Field, April 1957.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest and these are selected according to criteria published in the, Annex 2, pp74-76.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Enquiries relating to works to listed buildings should be made to the local authority in the first instance. Listed building consent is required for works which a local authority considers will affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest and local authorities also decide if listed building consent is required.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The local authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see

Legislation introduced on 1 October 2015 allows us to state that: an object or structure fixed to the listed building; any object or structure within the curtilage of the listed building; and, any part or feature of the listed building that is not of architectural or historic interest may be excluded from a listing. If part of your building is not listed under the new legislation, the part will be excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at