Castle on rocky outcrop with sheer drop to W and N,
fosse to S, filled at E. 13th century origins by de Vaux
family, who built 2 round and a square ashlar towers to
S. SE entrance and E range rebuilt in 14th and
15th centuries by the Halyburtons. Minor additions by
Ruthven family in 16th century. Sandstone with some
S RANGE: 3 13th century towers. 2 circular with square
tower at centre. Triangular inner court. Masonry 10'
thick in places. Pointed vaults to polygonal chambers.
3 storeys originally.
SE ENTRY: timber ridge on rubble piers leading to tall
pointed arched gateway. Round arched inner and outer
gateways and portcullis chamber.
E RANGE: blank curtain walls pierced by minimal windows
to E. Barrel-vaulted chambers and bakehouse with Great
Hall and Kitchen. Chapel at N end with prison and pit
Additional remains in courtyard. Some notable carved
DOVECOT: 16th century, 4 tier, circular plan, beehive
dovecot, 30 yards N of castle. 21' in diameter, 25' high,
incorporated into earlier 19th century wall. String
courses dividing tiers with moulded billet course below
domed top. SW doorway with ashlar lintel. 2 buttresses,
coped where battered in.
CASTLE GATE: 16th century, round arched gateway to
Castlemains, in partial remains of rubble wall.
Quirk-edged roll moulding to surround to N, segmentally
arched embrasure to S. Bar-hole evident in E jamb.
TOWER: earlier 19th century circular, 2-storey stugged
sandstone ashlar tower, at W angle of boundary walls,
battered at base. Arrow slits. Paired pointed windows
to E with diamond pane glazing. Forestair to S serving
as porch to doorway below, with doorway above. String
course with water spouts, below crenellated gablet coped
parapet, bearing curved arrow slit details. Single
diminutive stack to NE behind parapet.
N AND W ENTRANCE GATEWAYS AND BOUNDARY WALLS:
Earlier 19th century walls. Raised stugged
ashlar bays with gablet coping. Roll-moulded outer
surrounds, chamfered inners to hoodmoulded gateways.
Timber doors with yett grilles to upper panels. Rubble
walls, ashlar coped with 2 stugged ashlar courses and
gablet coping set above, bounding N and W of castle grounds.
We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest and these are selected according to criteria published in the www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/shep-dec2011.pdf, Annex 2, pp74-76.
The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.
Enquiries relating to works to listed buildings should be made to the local authority in the first instance. Listed building consent is required for works which a local authority considers will affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest and local authorities also decide if listed building consent is required.
Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The local authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historic-scotland.gov.uk.
Legislation introduced on 1 October 2015 allows us to state that: an object or structure fixed to the listed building; any object or structure within the curtilage of the listed building; and, any part or feature of the listed building that is not of architectural or historic interest may be excluded from a listing. If part of your building is not listed under the new legislation, the part will be excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.
Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historic-scotland.gov.uk.