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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

HENSOL HOUSEReference: LB3415

Status: Designated


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  • Category: A
  • Group Category Details: A - See Notes
  • Date Added: 04/11/1971


  • Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish: Balmaghie

National Grid Reference

  • NGRNX 67560 69835
  • Coordinates267560, 569835


Robert Lugar, architect; 1822. Built for John Cunningham of

Lainshaw, Ayr. 2-storey and attic house with principal rooms

in square plan block to E with angle turrets. Much lower

L-shaped service wing to W. The house survives largely intact

the only major external alteration is the removal of S front

porch replaced circa 1960 by granite, timber and glass

conservatory. Porch re-erected to N front to form new main

entrance into old service quarters.

Rock-faced granite with polished inner faces to window

margins, hoodmoulds.

MAIN BLOCK: square plan with 3-storey ogee roofed square

turrets to angles.

S ELEVATION: 3-bay with boldly advanced gabled centre bay.

Modern projecting conservatory; granite base, timber and

glass with slate roof. Above, canted corbelled oriel with

gable over. Conservatory flanked by tripartites at ground,

single light above.

E ELEVATION: 2 asymmetrical gabled bays. That to left shallow

advanced with tripartite to ground, single light above. To

right, 2 single lights to ground, corbelled oriel above

(Lugar's drawing shows ornamental parapet to oriel never


N ELEVATION: 3-bay with centre bay recessed, outer bays

gabled, that to right with tripartite to ground, otherwise

all single tight windows, those to right 1st with replaced

4-pane glazing.

Angle turrets with lead ogee roofs, slit windows with diamond

pane glazing.

T-plan service wing lower 2-storey with pedimented dormers,

W wing taller and gabled.

To S 5-bay elevation with circa 1919 single-storey extension

to inner 3 bays; bipartites flanking tripartite, deep plain

parapet, flat roof.

Variety of glazing patterns throughout house. Original design

mullioned and transomed with 2, 4 or 6-pane glazing, some

12-pane or 4-pane sash and case. Servants wing with mullioned

and transomed windows with diamond-pane glazing, some with

lower portions of plate glass. Slate roofs, tall individual

granite stacks often in groups of 3 or 4 give distinctive


INTERIOR: largely unaltered. Gothic hallway with 4-centre

rib-vaulted ceiling. Doors, shutters, cornices etc mostly

original to Lugar.

Statement of Special Interest

A group with Lainshaw sundial, Hensol lodge and bridge.

Hensol estate known as Duchrae before 19th century.



Robert Lugar, VILLA ARCHITECTURE 1828, pls 26-9.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest and these are selected according to criteria published in the, Annex 2, pp74-76.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Enquiries relating to works to listed buildings should be made to the local authority in the first instance. Listed building consent is required for works which a local authority considers will affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest and local authorities also decide if listed building consent is required.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The local authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see

Legislation introduced on 1 October 2015 allows us to state that: an object or structure fixed to the listed building; any object or structure within the curtilage of the listed building; and, any part or feature of the listed building that is not of architectural or historic interest may be excluded from a listing. If part of your building is not listed under the new legislation, the part will be excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at


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Printed: 26/05/2016 11:38