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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.


Status: Designated


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  • Category: B
  • Date Added: 03/08/1971


  • Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish: Closeburn

National Grid Reference

  • NGRNX 90760 92138
  • Coordinates290760, 592138


Late 14th century rectangular-plan tower house with mostly

18th and 19th century alterations and low additions. Out-

buildings to west. TOWER HOUSE: 3 storeys over vaulted

basement, small-paned irregularly-spaced windows mostly

altered, with segmental heads; coursed rubble, ashlar

dressings; gabled stone slab roof with ball finial and ridge

stack all enclosed by parapet latter crenellated in 19th

century: cap house over north wallhead; Interior: yett

survives, and iron-studded door; wheel stair at north; now 2

rooms on each floor, north ground floor room vaulted with

plain plaster ceiling ribs and masks; bedroom cupboard on

upper floor has (re-set) plaster mask over door; attic also

vaulted. ADDITIONS: (mostly red ashlar) roofed forestair at

west to original door; castellated porch (after 1856) at

north, segmental-arched east-facing 2-leaf door with side

lights, recessed piended bay adjoining with segmental-arched

window (also east-facing) flanked by blind square openings

having margins linked with eaves band. Asymmetrical rear

elevation, kitchen linked with outbuildings. Corniced

octagonal or diamond flues; slate roof.

Statement of Special Interest

After the mansion house of Closeburn was destroyed by fire

1748, the Kirkpatrick family returned to the castle "fitting

it up as their residence" (Ramage). A Rowan, in SHAMBELLIE,

1982, p.16, notes that David Bryce, architect, had visted

Shambellie ".... while on business in the area at Capenoch

and Closeburn tower" (July 1854). Porch not shown on 1st ed

O.S. (surveyed 1856). View in Grose's ANTIQUITIES shows a

plain parapet.



RCAHM, INVENTORY 1920. no 59 (incl plans and section) Grose,

ANTIQUITIES OF SCOTLAND, 1789 vol I, p.150 (incl



III, 1889 (1977 reprint) p.128.

1982 sale catalogue in NMRS; 1845 sale particulars in SRO

GD 224/511/3. R M F Watson, CLOSEBURN, ETC 1901 Chapter V.

SRO RHP 9454.

COUNTRY LIFE 10.1.1947.


About Designations

Listed Buildings

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest and these are selected according to criteria published in the, Annex 2, pp74-76.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Enquiries relating to works to listed buildings should be made to the local authority in the first instance. Listed building consent is required for works which a local authority considers will affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest and local authorities also decide if listed building consent is required.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The local authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see

Legislation introduced on 1 October 2015 allows us to state that: an object or structure fixed to the listed building; any object or structure within the curtilage of the listed building; and, any part or feature of the listed building that is not of architectural or historic interest may be excluded from a listing. If part of your building is not listed under the new legislation, the part will be excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at