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Scheduled Monument

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St Ronan's Church & village settlement,RonaReference: SM1683

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Information

  • Category: N/A
  • Date Added: 05/04/1940
  • Last Date Amended: 19/01/1993
  • Type: Crosses and carved stones: cross-incised stone, Ecclesiastical: burial ground, cemetery, graveyard; cashel; chapel, Secular: field system; settlement, including deserted and depopulated and townships

Location

  • Local Authority: Na h-Eileanan Siar
  • Parish: Barvas

National Grid Reference

  • NGRHW 809 323
  • Coordinates180900, 1032300

Description

The complex of buildings and remains on Rona includes: the church, or chapel, of St Ronan, dating probably from the 8th century and consisting of a rectangular corbelled oratory with a longer rectangular living-cell, later used as a chapel, attached to its west side; an oval cashel wall of the same date, consisting of an earth and stone bank surrounding the chapel and its cemetery of inhumations, some marked by cross-incised headstones; three domestic complexes, inhabited from the 12th or 13th century until c. 1680 (and in some cases later), each one consisting of a rectangular living room surrounded by corbelled cells and open stock enclosures; a village field system surrounding all these features, and the head- dyke which encloses it. The area is defined by the head-dyke on the north, east and west, and by the sea on the south, and measures overall some 330m (east-west) by 420m (north-south), as shown in red on the accompanying plan.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it comprises the best-preserved early Christian church building in Scotland and is of crucial significance for an understanding of the spread of Celtic monasticism in the Western and Northern Isles and of the eremitical lifestyle of its adherents; and because of the evidence that it provides, and has the potential to provide through excavation, for increasing our knowledge of the domestic architecture, material culture and socio-economic structures of remote island communities of west and north Scotland from the 12th century to the early 19th.

References

Bibliography

About Designations

Scheduled Monuments

We compile, maintain and publish a Schedule (a list) of monuments of national importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. Scheduling is the process of adding monuments to this list and affording them statutory protection. The aim of scheduling is to preserve sites and monuments as far as possible in the form in which they have come down to us today. Once a monument is scheduled, the prior written consent of ourselves is required for most works including repairs.

The information provided gives an indication of the cultural significance of a scheduled monument. The information is current to the date of designation or when last amended. This record is not intended to be a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s) and the format of records has changed over time. Earlier, un-amended records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support.

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Printed: 28/05/2016 14:41