- Category: N/A
- Date Added: 29/01/1955
- Last Date Amended: 22/02/1993
- Type: Secular: castle; hall
- Local Authority: South Ayrshire
- Parish: Craigie
National Grid Reference
- NGRNS 408 316
- Coordinates240800, 631600
The monument consists of the remains of a medieval castle which is surrounded by substantial earthworks. The castle stands on a low ridge 180m E of Craigie Mains farm. The earliest surviving portion is identified as a hall house of the late 12th or early 13th century. It appears to incorporate traces of an earlier structure. A subsequent building phase in the 15th century enlarged and modified the monument. The ridge on which the castle stands is cut by massive ditches to the SSW and NNE, while a third ditch to the NE forms an outer bailey. The area to be scheduled is irregular and measures a maximum of 345m NE-SW by 230m to include the castle and defensive outworks, as shown in red on the accompanying map.
Statement of National Importance
The monument is of national importance because it is a fine example of a medieval fortified site which combines surviving stone built structures and surrounding earthworks. In addition to preserving the remains of a rare 12-13th-century hall house, it has the potential through analysis and excavation to increase our understanding of defensive architecture, domestic occupation, material culture and landuse during the period of its construction and use.
RCAHMS - NS43SW 3
MacGibbon and Ross (1889) Cast & Dom Archit Scot Vol. 3, 296-301.
RCAHMS-The Archaeological Sites and Monuments of Scotland, North Kyle, Kyle and Carrick District (25), No. 102. Aerial photographs are available from RCAHMS, 1977 (AY 2910-4).
We compile, maintain and publish a Schedule (a list) of monuments of national importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. Scheduling is the process of adding monuments to this list and affording them statutory protection. The aim of scheduling is to preserve sites and monuments as far as possible in the form in which they have come down to us today. Once a monument is scheduled, the prior written consent of ourselves is required for most works including repairs.
The information provided gives an indication of the cultural significance of a scheduled monument. The information is current to the date of designation or when last amended. This record is not intended to be a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s) and the format of records has changed over time. Earlier, un-amended records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded.
Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/heritage.