- Category: N/A
- Date Added: 19/03/1992
- Type: Secular: castle
- Local Authority: East Ayrshire
- Parish: Auchinleck
National Grid Reference
- NGRNS 499 232
- Coordinates249900, 623200
The monument consists of the remains of Auchinleck Castle, which possibly dates to the thirteenth century.
This early medieval tower occupies a strong position on the E bank of the Lugar Water. It is built on top of a sandstone rock stack which drops vertically to the river. The crumbling structure is made of local red sandstone rubble. Only the lower courses of the walls survive. These are over 1m thick and about 4m high in places. Part of the interior has been quarried out of the solid rock and the walling has augmented the natural defences provided by the rock pillar. The castle is approached by a rock-cut path which ascends to the summit from the S side of the steep rock face.
The area to be scheduled is irregular and measures a maximum of 70m NW-SE by 35m NE-SW to be centred on the castle, as shown in red on the accompanying map.
Statement of National Importance
The monument is of national importance because it is a fortified site dating from the early medieval period; consequently it is of considerable historic value. It provides evidence, and has the potential to provide further evidence through analysis and excavation, for defensive architecture, domestic occupation and material culture during the period of its use.
RCAHMS records the site as NS42SE 2.
We compile, maintain and publish a Schedule (a list) of monuments of national importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. Scheduling is the process of adding monuments to this list and affording them statutory protection. The aim of scheduling is to preserve sites and monuments as far as possible in the form in which they have come down to us today. Once a monument is scheduled, the prior written consent of ourselves is required for most works including repairs.
The information provided gives an indication of the cultural significance of a scheduled monument. The information is current to the date of designation or when last amended. This record is not intended to be a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s) and the format of records has changed over time. Earlier, un-amended records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded.
Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/heritage.